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Be Prepared



The Scout Movement of Sri Lanka originated in Christ Church English school, Matale in 1913, but the real Pioneer College in the movement was Mahinda College Galle, where Gordon Pearce carried on successful work. From there it soon spread to Dharmaraja College, Kandy, Ananda College, Colombo and Sri Sumangala Collage, Panadura and thereafter throughout the Island.

In those colleges where the Scout Movement was thoroughly established, the masters soon realized its immense benefits. Below are some pioneers of the Scout Movement in Sri Lanka.

F.L Woodward

The principal of Mahinda College, Galle, took a keen interest in the Scout Movement. And, in 1916 he wrote a letter to Sir Baden Powell and received the following reply:

116, Victoria Street, London, S.W., October 10th, 1916.

Dear Mr. Woodward,

I was delighted to get your letter and the copy of your College Magazine, giving the interesting details of the progress of your Scouts. I am very glad to hear that they are getting on so well and have so readily grasped the spirit of the movement, which seems to be taking a hold on the rising generation all over the British Empire. This bond of the right spirit of adventure and good fellowship will, I am sure, make them all the stronger in their loyalty to the Crown and to each other, if only they have the strength of mind to stick to their promise as Scouts.

I only hope that some day I may be able to avail myself of your kind invitation and enjoy a visit to the Scouts in Ceylon.

As regards your question as to the origin of the motto “Be Prepared”, I must say that it was originally adopted by the South African Constabulary, of which I was the organiser, on their own initiative, as a good aim to act up to, and as being based on my own initials. Finding that it was a motto which actually conveyed a meaning, I carried it on in the Scouts.

It is of course quite right to alter the tests for the different subjects for badges, to suit the country and customs, since, so long as the spirit of Scouting is carried out, the actual letter and detail does not matter, but this is a matter for arrangement with the Boy Scouts Commissioner for Ceylon, F.G. Stevens Esq, P.W.D.

With cordial good wishes for your further success,

Believe me yours truly,

Robert Baden Powell

Gordon Pearce

On October 23, 1913, he reached Sri Lanka in the S.S. ‘Mate’ to assume duties as the vice-principal of Mahinda. He was a member of the Theosophical Society, a graduate in honours of London University, a young man of great keenness and ability, who was also a boy-scout officer and cricketer.

In 1916 he was a District Commissioner. In the same year he wrote a poem tiled “The path of heroes”. An extract of it is below:

Like royal Asoka, masterful but kind,

Ardent of heart and courage, meek of mind,

Who gaining by the arts of war his sway,

Held it in honour by a better way, –

Using his genius in the arts of peace,

To make his people glad, to bring release

From sickness and from poverty and pain,

Till through his lands, by city and by plain,

His name was bless’d by every son of toil

As Dharmasoka, King of Duty Royal.

Unto this path all heroes’ steps have lead,

This path the Scouts of Lanka too shall tread.

In 1918 he was called to India, to organize the Scout Movement there. And in 1921 he returned to Sri Lanka to assume duties as the principal.

Vincent Mendis

In the year 1916, Vincent Mendis the Scoutmaster of Richmond College, Galle and his Scout Troop visited Jaffna. What the Government Agent of Jaffna B. Horsburg told Mendis was reported in the Morning Leader thus:

“The visit of you and your Scouts to Jaffna has been most helpful. Most of our boys had never seen a Scout before and your appearance has made a great impression. The keen clever way, you and your Scouts went about the performance of the various examples of Scout duties, that you showed us will, I am sure have an excellent effect.”

The ‘Morning Leader’ added: The progress thus made in the work of the movement and the beneficial results attained are a clear manifestation of the value of the system of training devised by Sir Robert Baden-Powell and it is to be hoped that before long the Baden Powell Boy Scouts will become a recognized branch of Elementary and Secondary Education.

Mendis formed a Local Association in Jaffna and organized Scout Troops at St. Johns, Central, Jaffna, St. Patrick and Hindu Colleges.

He also functioned as a Colonial Commissioner in 1917. In later years he served as the Scout Commissioner in Madras. And, in still later years, he was the Chairman of the Dehiwala-Mt. Lavinia Urban Council.


J.H de Saram

J.H. de Saram, the Scoutmaster of the Dharmaraja College Troops and Secretary of the Kandy, Local Boy Scouts Association by his keenness and work had been largely responsible for the development of a very successful branch of the movement in the Central Province. He organized W Baden-Powell Troops at Trinity and St. Anthony’s Colleges, at St. Andrew’s School at Nawalapitiya and Galagedera School. In 1917 he functioned as a Colonial Commissioner.


T.S Seliah

T.S. Seliah of Badulla, when at the Training College in Colombo, came in touch with the work of the Colombo Troops and on his return to Badulla, he soon set to work, with the result of Uva Colligate School and the Buddhist School there, both having promising troops at work.


Some early dates

1913 – The Boy Scout Association of Ceylon was formed on September 30.

1914 – The 1st Galle (Mahinda) Troop was formed. It was one of the oldest in Sri Lanka.

1915 – Produced the first King’s Scout of Mahinda – S. Tennyson de Silva.

1916 – (I). F.G Stevens the Scout Commissioner for Ceylon paid an official visit to Galle.

(A Scout of Dharmaraja College, Kandy served as his orderly).

(II). E.D Denham, the Director of Education inspected a Galled Troops Rally. And, he expressed himself as greatly in favour of the Baden-Powell system of Scout training, and was desirous of encouraging it in schools.

(III). P/L Bagot of 2 nd Colombo received the Silver Cross for Gallantry.

(IV). G.P. Ariyarathna, an old Mahinda Scout, started the 1st Troop of Indian Scouts in India,

(V). The Scout Troops were at work in about 20 schools in the Island.

(VI). Dharmaraja College had 19 King’s Scouts.

Its 1916 College Magazine had the following comment: “The tone of the school has been a decided improvement. A wave of energy, good discipline and a will to work have spread from class to class. It is clear that the Boy Scout Movement is in no small measure responsible for these results and it is time that the shirkers and grumblers realized their mistake and joined the Corps.”

1917 – Dr. S.A Wickramasingha the Communist leader who was a keen Scout of the 1St Galle (Mahinda) Troop won the following proficiency Badges: All Round Cord, First – Class Badge, Missioner, Basket – Worker and Fireman.

1919 – At the age of 13, Prof. Lyn Ludowyk, then a student of Richmond College, Galle, was the youngest King’s Scout in the British Empire.

1940 – A group Scouts of St. Aloysius College, Galle, scaled 14,700 feet of the Himalayan Mountain Range.

It was reported that not a single Scout, past or present, took part in the Youth Uprising in 1971.

The Scout Maxim ‘Once a Scout always a Scout’ had come to stay.

The last message of Lord Robert Baden Powell to the Scouts the world over, written just a few days before his demise, almost 80 years ago is:

“Dear Scouts, I believe God put us in this jolly world to be happy and enjoy life. Happiness doesn’t come from being rich nor merely from being successful in our career, nor by self-indulgence. One step towards happiness is to make yourself healthy and strong while you are a boy, so that you can be useful and so enjoy life when you are a man.

Nature Study will show you how full of beautiful and wonderful things God has made in the world for you to enjoy. Be contented with what you have got and make the best of it. Look at the bright said of things instead of the gloomy one. But the real way to get happiness is by giving out happiness to other people. Try and leave the world a little better than you found it when it comes to your turn to die. You can die happy in feeling that, at any rate, you have not wasted your time but that you have done your best.

“Be Prepared” in this way to live happy and to die happy. Stick to your Scout Promise always: even after you have ceased to be a boy. May God help you do it.”

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Islamophobia and the threat to democratic development



There’s an ill more dangerous and pervasive than the Coronavirus that’s currently sweeping Sri Lanka. That is the fear to express one’s convictions. Across the public sector of the country in particular many persons holding high office are stringently regulating and controlling the voices of their consciences and this bodes ill for all and the country.

The corrupting impact of fear was discussed in this column a couple of weeks ago when dealing with the military coup in Myanmar. It stands to the enduring credit of ousted Myanmarese Head of Government Aung San Suu Kyi that she, perhaps for the first time in the history of modern political thought, singled out fear, and not power, as the principal cause of corruption within the individual; powerful or otherwise.

To be sure, power corrupts but the corrupting impact of fear is graver and more devastating. For instance, the fear in a person holding ministerial office or in a senior public sector official, that he would lose position and power as a result of speaking out his convictions and sincere beliefs on matters of the first importance, would lead to a country’s ills going unaddressed and uncorrected.

Besides, the individual concerned would be devaluing himself in the eyes of all irrevocably and revealing himself to be a person who would be willing to compromise his moral integrity for petty worldly gain or a ‘mess of pottage’. This happens all the while in Lankan public life. Some of those who have wielded and are wielding immense power in Sri Lanka leave very much to be desired from these standards.

It could be said that fear has prevented Sri Lanka from growing in every vital respect over the decades and has earned for itself the notoriety of being a directionless country.

All these ills and more are contained in the current controversy in Sri Lanka over the disposal of the bodies of Covid victims, for example. The Sri Lankan polity has no choice but to abide by scientific advice on this question. Since authorities of the standing of even the WHO have declared that the burial of the bodies of those dying of Covid could not prove to be injurious to the wider public, the Sri Lankan health authorities could go ahead and sanction the burying of the bodies concerned. What’s preventing the local authorities from taking this course since they claim to be on the side of science? Who or what are they fearing? This is the issue that’s crying out to be probed and answered.

Considering the need for absolute truthfulness and honesty on the part of all relevant persons and quarters in matters such as these, the latter have no choice but to resign from their positions if they are prevented from following the dictates of their consciences. If they are firmly convinced that burials could bring no harm, they are obliged to take up the position that burials should be allowed.

If any ‘higher authority’ is preventing them from allowing burials, our ministers and officials are conscience-bound to renounce their positions in protest, rather than behave compromisingly and engage in ‘double think’ and ‘double talk’. By adopting the latter course they are helping none but keeping the country in a state of chronic uncertainty, which is a handy recipe for social instabiliy and division.

In the Sri Lankan context, the failure on the part of the quarters that matter to follow scientific advice on the burials question could result in the aggravation of Islamophobia, or hatred of the practitioners of Islam, in the country. Sri Lanka could do without this latter phobia and hatred on account of its implications for national stability and development. The 30 year war against separatist forces was all about the prevention by military means of ‘nation-breaking’. The disastrous results for Sri Lanka from this war are continuing to weigh it down and are part of the international offensive against Sri Lanka in the UNHCR.

However, Islamophobia is an almost world wide phenomenon. It was greatly strengthened during Donald Trump’s presidential tenure in the US. While in office Trump resorted to the divisive ruling strategy of quite a few populist authoritarian rulers of the South. Essentially, the manoeuvre is to divide and rule by pandering to the racial prejudices of majority communities.

It has happened continually in Sri Lanka. In the initial post-independence years and for several decades after, it was a case of some populist politicians of the South whipping-up anti-Tamil sentiments. Some Tamil politicians did likewise in respect of the majority community. No doubt, both such quarters have done Sri Lanka immeasurable harm. By failing to follow scientific advice on the burial question and by not doing what is right, Sri Lanka’s current authorities are opening themselves to the charge that they are pandering to religious extremists among the majority community.

The murderous, destructive course of action adopted by some extremist sections among Muslim communities world wide, including of course Sri Lanka, has not earned the condemnation it deserves from moderate Muslims who make-up the preponderant majority in the Muslim community. It is up to moderate opinion in the latter collectivity to come out more strongly and persuasively against religious extremists in their midst. It will prove to have a cementing and unifying impact among communities.

It is not sufficiently appreciated by governments in the global South in particular that by voicing for religious and racial unity and by working consistently towards it, they would be strengthening democratic development, which is an essential condition for a country’s growth in all senses.

A ‘divided house’ is doomed to fall; this is the lesson of history. ‘National security’ cannot be had without human security and peaceful living among communities is central to the latter. There cannot be any ‘double talk’ or ‘politically correct’ opinions on this question. Truth and falsehood are the only valid categories of thought and speech.

Those in authority everywhere claiming to be democratic need to adopt a scientific outlook on this issue as well. Studies conducted on plural societies in South Asia, for example, reveal that the promotion of friendly, cordial ties among communities invariably brings about healing among estranged groups and produces social peace. This is the truth that is waiting to be acted upon.

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Pakistan’s love of Sri Lanka



By Sanjeewa Jayaweera

It was on 3rd January 1972 that our family arrived in Karachi from Moscow. Our departure from Moscow had been delayed for a few weeks due to the military confrontation between Pakistan and India. It ended on 16th December 1971. After that, international flights were not permitted for some time.

The contrast between Moscow and Karachi was unbelievable. First and foremost, Moscow’s temperature was near minus 40 degrees centigrade, while in Karachi, it was sunny and a warm 28 degrees centigrade. However, what struck us most was the extreme warmth with which the airport authorities greeted our family. As my father was a diplomat, we were quickly ushered to the airport’s VIP Lounge. We were in transit on our way to Rawalpindi, the airport serving the capital of Islamabad.

We quickly realized that the word “we are from Sri Lanka” opened all doors just as saying “open sesame” gained entry to Aladdin’s cave! The broad smile, extreme courtesy, and genuine warmth we received from the Pakistani people were unbelievable.

This was all to do with Mrs Sirima Bandaranaike’s decision to allow Pakistani aircraft to land in Colombo to refuel on the way to Dhaka in East Pakistan during the military confrontation between Pakistan and India. It was a brave decision by Mrs Bandaranaike (Mrs B), and the successive governments and Sri Lanka people are still enjoying the fruits of it. Pakistan has been a steadfast and loyal supporter of our country. They have come to our assistance time and again in times of great need when many have turned their back on us. They have indeed been an “all-weather” friend of our country.

Getting back to 1972, I was an early beneficiary of Pakistani people’s love for Sri Lankans. I failed the entrance exam to gain entry to the only English medium school in Islamabad! However, when I met the Principal, along with my father, he said, “Sanjeewa, although you failed the entrance exam, I will this time make an exception as Sri Lankans are our dear friends.” After that, the joke around the family dinner table was that I owed my education in Pakistan to Mrs B!

At school, my brother and I were extended a warm welcome and always greeted “our good friends from Sri Lanka.” I felt when playing cricket for our college; our runs were cheered more loudly than of others.

One particular incident that I remember well was when the Embassy received a telex from the Foreign inistry. It requested that our High Commissioner seek an immediate meeting with the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Mr Zulifikar Ali Bhutto (ZB), and convey a message from Mrs B. The message requested that an urgent shipment of rice be dispatched to Sri Lanka as there would be an imminent rice shortage. As the Ambassador was not in the station, the responsibility devolved on my father.

It usually takes about a week or more to get an audience with the Prime Minister (PM) of a foreign country due to their busy schedule. However, given the urgency, my father spoke to the Foreign Ministry’s Permanent Sectary, who fortunately was our neighbour and sought an urgent appointment. My father received a call from the PM’s secretary around 10 P.M asking him to come over to the PM’s residence. My father met ZB around midnight. ZB was about to retire to bed and, as such, was in his pyjamas and gown enjoying a cigar! He had greeted my father and had asked, “Mr Jayaweera, what can we do for great friend Madam Bandaranaike?. My father conveyed the message from Colombo and quietly mentioned that there would be riots in the country if there is no rice!

ZB had immediately got the Food Commissioner of Pakistan on the line and said, “I want a shipload of rice to be in Colombo within the next 72 hours!” The Food Commissioner reverted within a few minutes, saying that nothing was available and the last export shipment had left the port only a few hours ago to another country. ZB had instructed to turn the ship around and send it to Colombo. This despite protests from the Food Commissioner about terms and conditions of the Letter of Credit prohibiting non-delivery. Sri Lanka got its delivery of rice!

The next was the visit of Mrs B to Pakistan. On arrival in Rawalpindi airport, she was given a hero’s welcome, which Pakistan had previously only offered to President Gaddafi of Libya, who financially backed Pakistan with his oil money. That day, I missed school and accompanied my parents to the airport. On our way, we witnessed thousands of people had gathered by the roadside to welcome Mrs B.

When we walked to the airport’s tarmac, thousands of people were standing in temporary stands waving Sri Lanka and Pakistan flags and chanting “Sri Lanka Pakistan Zindabad.” The noise emanating from the crowd was as loud and passionate as the cheering that the Pakistani cricket team received during a test match. It was electric!

I believe she was only the second head of state given the privilege of addressing both assemblies of Parliament. The other being Gaddafi. There was genuine affection from Mrs B amongst the people of Pakistan.

I always remember the indefatigable efforts of Mr Abdul Haffez Kardar, a cabinet minister and the President of the Pakistan Cricket Board. From around 1973 onwards, he passionately championed Sri Lanka’s cause to be admitted as a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) and granted test status. Every year, he would propose at the ICC’s annual meeting, but England and Australia’s veto kept us out until 1981.

I always felt that our Cricket Board made a mistake by not inviting Pakistan to play our inaugural test match. We should have appreciated Mr Kardar and Pakistan’s efforts. In 1974 the Pakistan board invited our team for a tour involving three test matches and a few first-class games. Most of those who played in our first test match was part of that tour, and no doubt gained significant exposure playing against a highly talented Pakistani team.

Several Pakistani greats were part of the Pakistan and India team that played a match soon after the Central Bank bomb in Colombo to prove that it was safe to play cricket in Colombo. It was a magnificent gesture by both Pakistan and India. Our greatest cricket triumph was in Pakistan when we won the World Cup in 1996. I am sure the players and those who watched the match on TV will remember the passionate support our team received that night from the Pakistani crowd. It was like playing at home!

I also recall reading about how the Pakistani government air freighted several Multi Barrell artillery guns and ammunition to Sri Lanka when the A rmy camp in Jaffna was under severe threat from the LTTE. This was even more important than the shipload of rice that ZB sent. This was crucial as most other countries refused to sell arms to our country during the war.

Time and again, Pakistan has steadfastly supported our country’s cause at the UNHCR. No doubt this year, too, their diplomats will work tirelessly to assist our country.

We extend a warm welcome to Mr Imran Khan, the Prime Minister of Pakistan. He is a truly inspirational individual who was undoubtedly an excellent cricketer. Since retirement from cricket, he has decided to get involved in politics, and after several years of patiently building up his support base, he won the last parliamentary elections. I hope that just as much as he galvanized Sri Lankan cricketers, his political journey would act as a catalyst for people like Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene to get involved in politics. Cricket has been called a “gentleman’s game.” Whilst politics is far from it!.

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Covid-19 health rules disregarded at entertainment venues?



Believe me, seeing certain videos, on social media, depicting action, on the dance floor, at some of these entertainment venues, got me wondering whether this Coronavirus pandemic is REAL!

To those having a good time, at these particular venues, and, I guess, the management, as well, what the world is experiencing now doesn’t seem to be their concerned.

Obviously, such irresponsible behaviour could create more problems for those who are battling to halt the spread of Covid-19, and the new viriant of Covid, in our part of the world.

The videos, on display, on social media, show certain venues, packed to capacity – with hardly anyone wearing a mask, and social distancing…only a dream..

How can one think of social distancing while gyrating, on a dance floor, that is over crowded!

If this trend continues, it wouldn’t be a surprise if Coronavirus makes its presence felt…at such venues.

And, then, what happens to the entertainment scene, and those involved in this field, especially the musicians? No work, whatsoever!

Lots of countries have closed nightclubs, and venues, where people gather, in order to curtail the spread of this deadly virus that has already claimed the lives of thousands.

Thailand did it and the country is still having lots of restrictions, where entertainment is concerned, and that is probably the reason why Thailand has been able to control the spread of the Coronavirus.

With a population of over 69 million, they have had (so far), a little over 25,000 cases, and 83 deaths, while we, with a population of around 21 million, have over 80,000 cases, and more than 450 deaths.

I’m not saying we should do away with entertainment – totally – but we need to follow a format, connected with the ‘new normal,’ where masks and social distancing are mandatory requirements at these venues. And, dancing, I believe, should be banned, at least temporarily, as one can’t maintain the required social distance, while on the dance floor, especially after drinks.

Police spokesman DIG Ajith Rohana keeps emphasising, on TV, radio, and in the newspapers, the need to adhere to the health regulations, now in force, and that those who fail to do so would be penalised.

He has also stated that plainclothes officers would move around to apprehend such offenders.

Perhaps, he should instruct his officers to pay surprise visits to some of these entertainment venues.

He would certainly have more than a bus load of offenders to be whisked off for PCR/Rapid Antigen tests!

I need to quote what Dr. H.T. Wickremasinghe said in his article, published in The Island of Tuesday, February 16th, 2021:

“…let me conclude, while emphasising the need to continue our general public health measures, such as wearing masks, social distancing, and avoiding crowded gatherings, to reduce the risk of contact with an infected person.

“There is no science to beat common sense.”

But…do some of our folks have this thing called COMMON SENSE!

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